Born in 1927, Hubert de Givenchy founded his namesake House in 1952. Spare lines and slim silhouettes won over actresses from around the world. In 1969, the launch of the “Givenchy Gentleman” line became a reference in men’s fashion. After a career spanning more than 40 years, Hubert de Givenchy retired in 1995. He would be succeeded by some of fashion’s great creative talents, among them John Galliano, Alexander McQueen, Julien MacDonald, and Riccardo Tisci. Since 2018 Clare Waight Keller has been the artistic director of Haute Couture and women’s and men’s ready-to-wear.